SWELA crowns Menyoli “patriarch of the nation”

Business mogul and philanthropist Dr. Charles Namme Menyoli, who has in the last 60 years been a household name in Buea in particular and, Cameroon in in General, owner of FAKOSHIPand other buoyant enterprises was yesterday Monday, January 22 recognized and crowned ‘Patriarch of the Nation’ by Prince Nasako Daniel Molondo, Meme Deputy Secretary General of Southwest Elites Association, SWELAfor his great and tireless humanitarian works in the community.

According to Meme SWELA assistant SG, the gesture is of utmost importance becauseit serves as motivation to people who are doing great jobs in the region. To him, the Government cannot develop the nation alone and so needs the support of individuals like Dr. Menyoli, who take initiatives to develop communities within the region. He stated that it is a very good gesturereason why SWELA thought it shouldnot hesitate to appreciate such endeavours so that he can continue to do more for the community.

Going by the SG Nasako, it was on December 2, 2016, after his election as the SG that he came up with the initiative and created two committees whereby messages were circulated nationally and in the Diasporarequestingfor suggestions. As he put it, many proposed Pa Menyoli and insisted that he shouldn’t be left out. He said they then set out toassess what FAKOSHIP has been doing in the community and discovered that the humanitarian work was so great.

Going by the Managing Director II of FAKOSHIP and son of Pa Menyoli, Thomas Malelu Menyoli, the initiative and gesture is to be applauded. He said that it is indeed a way of motivating persons so recognized to work harder. “I encourage those out there to create impact in the lives of many because what you do for yourself dies easily, but what you do for otherslasts,” Malelu advised.

Though with the discomforts that old age brings, Dr. Charles Namme Menyoli, was present and in his vote of thanks, appreciated the gesture but said it was unfortunate that SWELA met him at a time when his health is not at best. Confirming that it is an important and fortunate thing for him to be awarded, he promised that FAKOSHIP would continue with the great works but that those who would take after him should be blamed, if they don’t run it well. He asserted that as at now, FAKOSHIP has stood the test of time.

By Relindise Ebune

SDF unveils ‘operation flush out CPDM’

Seemingly distraught by its powerlessness regarding attainment of primacy in political leadership at all levels in the last 28 years of its existence, contrary to the vision that had been the motivating force of its founding fathers, Cameroon’s leading opposition party the Social Democratic Front, SDF has declared its determination to claim triumphal positions in looming presidential, senatorial, parliamentary and council elections.

This craving for power was expressed by SDF headship during the Northwest Regional Conference of the party on Saturday, January 20 at the Saint Joseph Metropolitan Cathedral Hall in Bamenda.

The purpose of the conference was to preselect candidates that would lead the SDF nationally as well as define standards for those vying for posts in forthcoming multiple elections. Given that the precise month during which elections would hold is yet to be announced by Head of States Paul Biya, SDF is conscious of this but also cautious in meeting the election date with faultless candidatures.

In his aspiration to challenge the ruling CPDM and move SDF to a dominant position, the party Chair Ni John Fru Ndi exhibited fearlessness as he chanted the famous parliamentary song “How many people Paul Biya go kill, Oooh! He go kill we tire oh…” Fru Ndi continued, “Biya would kill us because we are more determined than ever. Just as psalm 23 says ‘even though I walk through the valleys of the shadow of death, no harm would I fear’, we too shall go through the valleys of death but would not give up because we know that the lord is with us. I condemn the killing of gendarmes and that of our children by uniform men too. The military has as duty to protect and not to kill civilians. We have no weapons to fight but we would win with our mouth. Times are hard but the SDF is harder” he said.

Fru Ndi announced that he would go on a solidarity trip to Nigeria in order to sympathize with Cameroonian refugees in Nigeria dispersed by the strike. He divulged applications for permission has already been forwarded to the Cameroonian Minister of Defense as well as the Nigerian High Commissioner for approval of the visit.

SDF Chair, John Fru Ndi

Various leaders at the conference including; the Divisional Coordinator, the National Executive Committee team leader, the parliamentarian for Bamenda and Bali and the Mayor for Bamenda II all accorded that aspirants for elective positions must be capable of addressing trending issues both at the national and international levels; be it the Anglophone crisis, climate change, corruption, insecurity and poaching amongst others. Those ambitious for leadership positions were tasked to proof worthy by fetching new militants as well as encouraging people to register for voting.

The quest for power was also expressed by the SDF Northwest Regional Chair, Hon. Evaristus Njong. He made it clear that “Since 1990 the SDF party took the oath of using the ballot box to effect change in this country and that’s why our logo carries the inscription that we need free, fair and clean elections. This is in order that we can take over and change this country. President Biya and his regime has been very hesitant to give us free, fair and transparent elections but, we are determined as a political party to fight for the people and that’s why we are working at the level of the basic organs, we are mobilizing and getting commissions to get the electorate registered on the electoral registrar.”

During the conference, an election was conducted to determine candidates that would compete for reelections into the National Executive Committee, NEC of the party. These elections into NEC have been scheduled for a later date. Party stalwarts hold that an election into the SDF NEC is primordial for success at elections in both parliamentary and legislative elections.

Concerning the controversy surrounding Fru Ndi’s position and candidature, Hon. Njong made it clear that for now “Fru Ndi is the national chairman of the SDF not the national candidate. Those are two different positions and the laws of the party have made it very clear that the office of the national chairman is incompatible with the office of the president so, if the national chairman were to become the president of the republic, he would no longer be the national chairman but if the national chairman were to be nominated as a candidate for presidential elections he has the right to still be national chairman. For now the national chairman is the candidate that will lead the party for the next five legislative years.”

By Mildred Ndum Wung Kum

 

Meme schools loss steam after ghost panic

As if they had been anticipating a last straw that will be the tipping point to withdraw their children from school, parents in Kumba, Headquarters of Meme Division are still reluctant to send their children to school after rumours of impending attack by ‘Ambazonia Defence Forces’ spread like wild fire throughout the Southwest Region last week.

One week after, most schools are still to get even a quarter of the students they had by December.

Following rumours of ‘Ambazonian Forces’ attack on schools Monday January 15,  which caused commotion as parents ran helter-skelter to secure the safety of their children, parents of most primary pupils in particular, say they are in no hurry to stage the same drama. This explains why most of them are still keeping their kids at home, a teacher and parents told The Rambler.

As we spoke with some parents around the streets of Kumba, they revealed that last Monday’s panic caused a lot of trauma to their kids, especially, those at the nursery level who up to now are not psychological strong enough to go back to class.

Apart from schools like CCAS Kumba, GBHS, GTTC and other famous private institutions which are fully operational, others have witnessed just a handful of students this week.

Schools in Konye and Mbonge Sub-Divisions shutdown

These areas are now counting almost two wasted academic years. After schools stopped abruptly last academic year, most, if not, all schools in these Sub-Divisions are still to open their doors even for the first time. With most of them located in rural areas, they had promised to begin school by January 8 following their ‘Ambazonian school calendar’ but the recent escalation in these two Sub-Divisions have not only enforced permanent closure of campuses, but also the massive movement of persons, especially, youths to the bushes for safety.

However, after last week’s panic, the Senior Divisional Officer, SDO for Meme Charmbalin Ntou’ou Ndong has in a communiqué dated January 15, 2018, reassured the population of Government’s relentless efforts to protect the population  particularly students and teachers.

He has therefore called on the population to remain calm while reminding parents to continuously send their children to school.

By NGENDE ESTHER

‘Road construction’ dust suffocating Bamenda

Inhabitants of Bamenda are still to come to terms with how long they will have to deal with the current situation of polluted air due to very dusty streets in the heart of the city as a result of rehabilitation works engaged by a road construction company in town.

Before the turn of the year, the road situation in this capital city of the Northwest Region has been disgustingly deplorable to say the very least. What passes for roads in the city is but a sprawling spread of potholes. By late December 2017, the road construction company Sogea Satom which is charged with tarring the Bamenda-Babadjou stretch of road and 12 kilometres of inner city roads in Bamenda town, resorted to filling the potholes with gravel mixed with mud.

Considering it’s the dry season, the mud gets dried up shortly after it is stuffed into the potholes, transforming into thick films of dust.

Sogea Satom waters dusty road

From the New Road Mile Two entrance to Mobile Nkwen, from the Ngeng Junction through Sonac Street to City Chemist Roundabout and from the Food Market stretch to the main road in Meta quarters, life has become unbearable for city dwellers, many of whom have resorted to wearing face masks just to prevent them catching airborne diseases.

Generally there has been widespread criticisms from the city dwellers who perceive as both clumsy and unhealthy the resort to freely employ mud as a road construction material. According to one of the city dwellers Ncham Rolland, the act is deliberate. “This cannot be happening in modern times like this. How can a reputable company like Sogea Satom fill potholes in the heart of a city with mud knowing it’s the dry season and the effects it will have. I think this is a deliberate act to infect us. As you can see, the population is in great danger.”

A medical practitioner, who preferred anonymity, said it was a very dangerous act by whosoever engaged the project. “We have had many people come to the hospital to complain about respiratory difficulties when they shuttle around town or pass through the “rehabilitated” stretch. The complaints are increasing now because many asthmatic patients say they can’t go through these areas without a mask.”

On the wake of numerous calls and the increasing criticism that has followed the action; the company has from time to time passed by to water the roads. This effort seems to be inconsequential as the scotching sun of the dry season dries up the water in no time, leaving the denizens vulnerable to polluted air.

While the situation remains one of serious concern, the city dweller cannot stop hoping that the actual construction of the 12 kilometres inner city road gets into effect to remedy the pitiable road condition around Bamenda town.

By Jean Marie Ngong Song

‘Odeshi’ clad stalker captured in Kumba

The current face-off between Anglophones separatists and Government has been slowly but steadily inching its way into guerrilla warfare. From Mamfe in particular and Manyu Division in general, it has spread its tentacles to Ndian and Meme Divisions where sporadic attacks on soldiers and Government institutions are becoming customary. The latest of such incidents is the botched attempt to gain access into the abode of the Senior Divisional Officer, SDO for Meme, Charmbalin Ntou’ou Ndong.

Information that filtered from the SDO’s office holds that a man aged about 18 recently sneaked into the SDO’s residence at GRA Up Station Kumba at about 2.40am, unaware that the residence was being guarded by military officials. Metres away from the main house the boy heard orders to halt but he did not. After the second command ordering the intruder to halt by was reportedly defied by the boy, those guarding the premises opened fire on him. Surprisingly, the cartridges could not penetrate the ‘Odeshi (fetish protection) the Ambazonian’ soldier wore. It is alleged that the security officials continued shooting but that the “odeshi” protected intruder kept moving. But that at one point he fell on the ground and was arrested by the security operatives.

The arrested “odeshi” clad ‘Ambazonian soldier’ is said to have revealed that he was sent by his “commander” to spy on the soldiers stationed at the residence for an ultimate attack launch.

The SDO’s driver who lives in the neighborhood is said to have alerted him to the presence of some strange people around. The ‘Ambazonian soldiers’ scampered off when they realized that their colleague had been overpowered by regular security operatives guarding the SDO.

At the time of his capture, the said ‘Ambazonian’ intruder had no identification papers on him. He was taken to the Kumba Central Police Station where he is reportedly helping out with information about others.

By Ngende Esther

Firebombs now rule Meme!

Mounting tension in the vicinities of KwaKwa and Nake along Kumba/Mbonge road consequent upon the brutal murder of a policeman and a soldier earlier this month allegedly by “Ambazonian Tigers” who had laid siege over the area, patrolling with guns and checking vehicles and, concomitant Government retaliatory expedition actualized in the deployment of over 500 soldiers and policemen has left the villages lifeless

Reports, images and videos captured of these villages indicate that more than 50 percent of their populations have lost homes to flames of fire set by military men. It was, also, reported that on Wednesday January 17 and Thursday January 18 when the military raided the area and met nobody, they were angry and started setting houses on fire.

One of the survivors of that attacks whose house was also burnt told this reporter that, “The military were just burning indiscriminately. This is because even churches which have no connection to the Anglophone crisis were burnt. He revealed that the premises of the Apostolic Church and the house of the Rev. Father of the Catholic Church have been reduced to ashes.” It is even alleged that an old woman of 96 year was burnt in one of the wooden structures in Kwakwa when all her children ran for safety in the bushes.

Kwakwa deserted

The erstwhile buoyant village is now as quiet as a grave yard at night. People have fled this locality to other safe zones like villages along the Bai Manya/Kotto Barombi road. Many of those who can be seen are those who hid in the bushes and only come to pick food stuff around their compounds. The only people who own the land now are the military who keep parading combat ready. Stray animals and skeleton of houses are the images that welcome the eyes of passersby in Kwakwa. In fact as at Saturday January 20, The Rambler got reports that all the Batibo people who had been residing in Kwakwa had taken off for Bamenda.

Attacks elsewhere

On Tuesday, January 16, soldiers stationed in Mbonge stomped the locality of Dieka Bafaw whereupon two civilians were reportedly shot dead. Reports from this area also indicate that one of the soldiers suffered an injury emanating from the careless firing of guns. The corpses of the two boys were laid to rest on Wednesday, January 17, by the villagers. People in this village are also leaving in constant fear of the unknown.

In Mbonge, a soldier was reported to have been killed by persons yet to be identified on Thursday January 18. Still on this day the principal of GBHS Mbonge was reportedly attacked by the “tigers”. It’s said that he ran and got missing at the CDC rubber plantation but later found his way using the GPS device.

The villages of Ekombe and Kake also suffered panic as there were reports of random gunshots in the afternoons and even at night. At Ekombe, the indiscriminate shooting by the military left a Sourobat worker (company charged with the construction of the Kumba/Ekondo Mudemba road) dead.

The neighbourhood of Tancha, in Kumba III Sub-Division is said to have also experienced a tensed atmosphere on Friday morning.

Generally, life in Kumba is calm but not without fear of what might happen the next moment.

By Ngende Esther

When will Biya’s ‘ostrich internet economy’ stop?

The eye-service that characterizes the epileptic internet connectivity in Anglophone Cameroon is becoming too noticeable as the facility is momentarily available only whenever an August guest comes to town. For many months, the English speaking part of the country has been arbitrarily and without any explanation to the teeming users of the internet in English speaking Cameroon from any state official, not even by the Government’s spokesperson, been deprived of this near indispensable modern day communication tool.

When the internet blackout was first imposed in the Northwest and Southwest Regions in early 2017, when the Anglophone crisis was spiraling, it lasted for about three months and was only grudgingly restored through a Presidential fiat following harsh criticisms the regime was bombarded with from within and outside Cameroon.

Though no official reason was advanced for the action, many conjured that it was because social media was helping to escalate the crisis to the dissatisfaction of regime barons and their lackeys.

But when the Minister of Posts and Telecommunications reassured the Anglophone population of no further selective, nay, punitive internet seizure; given that it inflicted devastating effects not only on the economy of the affected Regions but the entire country, the people thought she was sincere. They were wrong. Dead wrong!

Barely days after the minister’s apparent yarn was spun, people West of the Mungo where again brashly cut off from the facility. The situation has now lasted for about half a year and the people are forced to accept it as a reward for hailing, belonging or living in this part of the country.

The question they are asking is why the temporary internet camouflaging whenever an important foreign guest is to step foot on Anglophone Cameroon?

First, it was when the United Nations, UN Secretary General, SG, en route to the Central Africa Republic made a stopover in Yaounde. When it was rumoured he would be in Buea, internet was immediately restored just for that day. The second instance was during the visit of the Commonwealth Secretary General, SG, Patricia Scotland. Internet was briefly restored in Buea, ostensibly for her exclusive use while her stay in this town lasted. And now, on Wednesday, January 17, and Thursday, January 18, the same show was enacted when the Confederation of African Football, CAF, stopped by for infrastructural inspection. As soon as the team checked out of town, those who rule the internet roost decided that the blackout be routinely truncated.

The situation has at once been baffling and angering many. Others are asking what the Government is up to. Some like Essowoh Denise, a Buea city dweller have been quick to analyze the phenomenon as hypocritical and punitive. “The Government is playing the hypocrite and punishing us. It wants the world to judge our claims of internet close down in the Northwest and Southwest as false,” he said.

Njemfoh Ebessu Romanus is not comfortable with the scenario and prays that internet connectivity be restored to full capacity. He said since its reinstatement and unlike previously when connections lasted only for as long as the August guest was in town, he hopes things get back to normalcy.

As we write, there is very partial internet connection in the Southwest and Northwest Regions.  It is only with the help of an application known as Very Personal Network, VPN, that one can access the various social media platforms.

One thing however, is certain. Come 2019 and the hosting date of the African Nations Cup by Cameroon, Anglophones shall surely benefit from at least, one month of internet connectivity. Reason? Foreign journalists, dignitaries and other visitors to the games would be greatly considered by a regime playing hide and seek with its own citizens and the ostrich with international interests.

By Nester Asonganyi

Fake papers might have blurred identity of slain ranger

A passionate debate has been ignited on the social media regarding the real identity of a forest ranger (forest guard) and a Council watchman who were shot dead in Ikiliwindi, Bafaw in Konye Sub-Division.

Since competitive entrance examinations into public service in Cameroon are often characterized by a lot of malpractices, issues of double identification, fake birth certificates and academic credentials are usually the order of the day. However, the snag is usually at the point of identifying persons in situations of accidents or other mishap which might occur. This seemed to have been the case of the late ranger.

Following last week’s attack in Ikiliwindi, that left two persons dead, after unidentified gunmen attacked the forestry post, there has been a lot of controversy surrounding the real names of the slain forest guard.

When this forest guard was shot and his corpse discovered hours later, the information that was given to the public carried the name of the deceased as Robert Ewunge Ngoe, alongside his picture. This name alongside the picture has raised heated debate on social media among those who knew him. They claim that the name which was given was not his real name and that if truly it was the name of the deceased, then, the picture should not be his.

The Rambler’s investigations stumbled on facts to the effect that the forest guard in question might have possessed double identification documents. Those who knew him at birth said he was Ndode Elvis Ajang, while those who only became acquainted to him after he began working knew him as Robert Ewungwe Ngoe; a name we are told he adopted for easy access into the public service.

A source that claimed to have known him as a kid in Muyuka, where he grew up, said that, the issue of change of name came up when Ndode was to write the forestry exams even as he had already exceeded the age limit and consequently, did not qualify to obtain the statutory documents required for the competitive exam. In order for him to have had a chance, he faked a name and certificate to meet up. This, according to our source is the reason for the double names.

Flash back on the Ikiliwindi attack

Recently, at about 5.00 am, unidentified gunmen surfaced around the weighing station under construction along the Kumba-Mamfe and the sound of rapid gunfire was heard. Two persons were felled, including a Council watchman and staff of the Konye Sub-Division office for Forestry and Wildlife.

Reports hold that the attackers by supposed mistook the forest guard for a soldier. That when the shooting began the victim ran for safety but that his corpse was later on discovered in a bamboo bush several hours after.

After attacking the forest post in Ikiliwindi and blocking the roads thereby intercepting traffic, they dashed into the forest and only resurfaced at the Konye Council control post. Here, the shooters are said to have destroyed all Council revenue receipt booklets and also carted away metres and a motorcycle belonging to one of the revenue collectors.

By press time, calm had returned to the subdivision following a characteristic crackdown by military men.

By NGENDE ESTHER

Jilted boy murders girlfriend

Love, they say, can easily evoke passion and lead people to be controlled by their hearts to the exclusion of their heads. In such circumstances, passion crimes that are readily regretted upon actualization become very plausible and take hold of victims who later find themselves in police custody after the deed would have been done. This is exactly the experience recently lived by inhabitants of Bonduma Gate, a popular Buea neighbourhood from a simulation of Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet.

In this regard, it is becoming a common phenomenon in Buea that when a girl stops dating a boy, her life is almost immediately snatched just to prevent her from jumping into an alternative relationship. The latest victim was an 18 year-old girl called Susan, said to have been strangled by her ex-boyfriend Oscar aka Goddy.

According to reports which The Rambler got, Susan was cohabiting with Oscar whose residence is at Bonduma Gate for a while, until recently, when they got separated. Susan is said to have struck a relationship with another man in Limbe and Oscar wasn’t comfortable with this fact. On that fateful day, Wednesday, January 17, Oscar visited Susan’s house in Bokwaongo, seized her phone and treated himself to the misfortune of reading love messages. Susan reportedly approached Oscar in an apparent bid to retrieve her phone. On entering his house the jilted boyfriend shut the door behind her.

Neighbours said they heard a female voice screaming in Oscar’s room at about 11pm that day. After a while, the cry ceased and everywhere was calm. But that out of curiosity, they approached Oscar’s room, persuading him to open the door but to no avail. When they forced open the door, Oscar took to his heels. Susan on the other hand was lying there, stark naked and unconscious, her tongue protruding out and a rope nearby.

She was rushed to a medical facility where she was unfortunately, confirmed dead. Still on the run, some of Oscar’s closest neighbours and relatives were arrested for interrogation. His terrified grandmother and her grandchildren allegedly skipped town for fear of reprisals.

It was only in the evening of Thursday, January 18, that Oscar was apprehended in Ekona as he attempted to take his own life. He is said to have confessed that the rope found by his dead former girlfriend was meant for him to hang himself after he killed her. The Rambler visited the Buea Gendarmerie Brigade where Oscar was taken into custody but could not get Oscar’s narration.

Unable to come to terms with the sad fact, the late girl’s grandmother reportedly visited the compound where her grandchild was allegedly murdered uttering swear words and other incantations.

By Relindise Ebune

Of intimidation, capitulation of decimation

Yaounde must be having orgasms about having at last found justification for whatever it grudgingly invested in the road link to Kumbo, Mamfe and Kumba. Constructed by foreign partners and perceived in Yaounde as a waste of resources for the benefit of undeserving Anglos, the road network now comes in handy, enabling the regime’s butchers to speedily shift their slaughter slabs from Jakiri through Bafut and Mamfe to Kwakwa.

“Kwakwa” is a pidgin phoneme mimicking a knock at the door, and last week it was the roving angel of death that was knocking at the door of the hitherto sleepy town along the Kumba-Mbonge road. Voices muted in fear, anguish and shock were heard in stealthy phone calls from villagers hiding in the bushes, to friends and relatives far and wide. Eyewitness accounts spoke of deserted villages as every living thing in the area fled from sustained gun battles involving ground assault units with airborne support on the one hand and a bunch of apparently ill-equipped youths on the other.

Hospital sources in Kumba were unanimous in the use of the word “overflow” with reference to casualties dead and injured. Our territory has become a vast expanse of bushes so dry and flammable that any careless smoker can start a conflagration with the casual flick of a cigarette stub. In Kwakwa, rows of houses have been razed to cinders in the midst of which lie the charred remains of Ma Paulina, a blind grandma in her mid-90s, abandoned by fleeing relatives as their homes were torched.

Reports say the casual flick that lit up the inferno in Kwakwa was the murder of a Chief after he allegedly defied a local administrator who could not brook contumacy, given his title and especially his name and ethnic extraction. And that triggered the spiral of retaliation, punitive expeditions and more of the same by the day.

Yesterday, it was Kumbo and Jakiri that were fired up by the spirit of resistance invoked by Hon Wirba. At that time some spineless bellyticians from the Southwest made it sound like this was “graffi” zealotry. The Southwest, to them, was not concerned with those grievances, or was too “civilized” to fight over them. Then swaggering Yaounde went flexing its muscles in Mamfe – apparently to teach them a lesson for producing an Ayuk Tabe who dared raise his head. Mass murders and arson on a wide scale became the adopted mode of punishment. That is when, even without clearance from Ayuk Tabe, young men in Mamfe decided they would rather die on their feet than live on their knees – after their relatives were murdered and their homes and property decimated before their very eyes.

After Mamfe it was Kwakwa’s turn, while Lebialem and Kupe Muanenguba have been sending out similar signals. Don’t be surprised that even in docile Fako the same causes will produce the same effects in due time. The message seems to be, “we are resolute in pursuing self-determination by peaceful means, but we won’t turn tail if you come at us with war”.

It is hard to tell what these people are armed with as they brace up to that eventuality, but it is obvious they have resolve, and that is a lethal weapon. Like Mancho Bibixy, they have their coffins ready. That mindset makes formidable foes.

Biya’s entry into, and potential exit from the present quagmire can be summed up in three words: intimidation, capitulation or decimation.

He inherited and perpetuated an autocracy in which he is answerable to nobody, and nobody dares stand up to him. The Southern Cameroons crisis is the first time a grouping openly defies him. His high-handed response was obviously a shock-and-awe move to intimidate them, and to deter any other group that might dream of emulating them. Now he has a darned hard time coming to terms with the fact that they have refused to be intimidated despite all the murderous savagery he has visited on them.

Of the next two moves open to him, the easier one is to humbly admit that, for too long, he has trampled on the toes of these people far beyond the threshold of human tolerance. It may look like capitulation, but a leader acceding to the legitimate aspirations of his people has a different name – it is called democracy, while standing in their way is called tyranny. Using force to do so is terrorism.

The last option is monstrous. It consists in decimating the entire population of those who reject what he stands for in terms of governance. It would only be an amplification of the bestiality that the people have already been enduring, with only one outcome – the harder you come at them, the more adamant they become.

Mr. Biya seems to have a track record of not attending funerals, but those who have been doing so on his behalf lately should report the rising numbers which suggest that the decimation option is a boomerang.